What is the best ignition protection type for UHP pressure transducers?

The leading ignition protection type is crucial for the electrical connection of a pressure sensor with explosion protection. It does not necessarily must be the main one with the stricter requirements. This applies, for instance, for the UHP pressure transducers of the WU series from WIKA. They are designed for used in semiconductor production.
Explosion protection can be an indispensable safety precaution there. The reason being the substances necessary for manufacturing include highly flammable gases. Consequently, there is a threat of an explosive atmosphere forming.
Explosion protection concept
UHP pressure transducers for such processes must be made with the corresponding safety. Besides their small design and specific process connections, the models WUC-1x and WU-2x have a comprehensive explosion protection concept. The marking of the instruments provides home elevators this:
II 3G Ex ec ic IIC T6/T5/T4 Gc X
The abbreviations listed in them mean, in greater detail:
II 3G:
Equipment group 2 (all areas except mining), can be utilized in zone 2 (rare and short-term Ex atmosphere).
Ex ec ic:
Ignition protection types ?ec? (increased safety) and ?ic? (intrinsically safe; zone 2).
?Ex ec? has replaced Refund ?Ex nA? (non-sparking) since the start of 2022. However, this will not affect the Ex concept of the instruments.
IIC:
Explosion group (here: gases, resistive ignition energy of 40 �J, ideal for hydrogen/acetylene).
T6/T5/T4:
Temperature classes. T6 as the highest requirement stands for a maximum permissible surface temperature in the Ex environment < 85 �C (max. surface temperature of the WUC-1x and WU-2x: 40 �C).
Gc:
?Equipment Protection Level? (EPL) for zone 2 per IEC 60079-0
X:
Specific requirements which are listed in the operating instructions (for instance, the suitable mating connector).
?ec? may be the leading ignition protection type
It really is noticeable that the marking contains two ignition protection types. However, only 1 is pertinent for the electrical connection: the best ignition protection type. Regarding the pressure transducers from the WU series, this can be a Ex ec (Ex nA around 2022) mentioned first and not the stricter Ex ic. This may also be seen in the connection values in the info sheet and operating instructions. Only the specification of the maximum supply voltage UN = 30 V, that is also stated in the IECEx certificate, is relevant here.
What does the classification ?Ex ic? are a symbol of? It only pertains to the potentiometer of the transducer. The resistive component comes with an intrinsically safe circuit and will therefore be adjusted to correct zero drift during operation. In their overall form, the WU models usually do not require an intrinsically safe circuit. However, they must never be disconnected from the circuit during operation or when an Ex atmosphere is present.
Note
More info on the WUC-1x and WU-2x UHP pressure transducers and about hydrogen are available on the WIKA website. For Supercharge who have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
Also read our articles
Ex protection: The most typical ignition protection types for sensors in gas hazardous areas
Ex protection: The difference between the zone and division model

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